Composting & Food Decomposition
Composting of Organic Waste
Composting is the natural process of decomposition and recycling of organic material into a soil amendment known as compost, which is a dark, humus-rich, crumbly, earthy-smelling mixture. Compost can be made from materials that most households throw out and composting biodegradable items is one of the easiest, most effective first steps your business or household can take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. And, it turns what would be “garbage” into a nutrient-rich soil amendment that can be used to restore farmland and promote sustainable agriculture.
The composting process occurs naturally and is a critical component of soil health. When plants and animals die, bacteria immediately begin the work of decomposition. Once the decay process is completed, what's left is compost. The living organisms involved in the decay process thrive in an environment of the right combination of air, water, nitrogen, and carbon. The better these conditions are, the faster the composting process happens.
The Benefits To Your Company
According to statistics, a typical restaurant and commercial kitchen waste stream consists of 65 percent compostable organic material, 30 percent recyclables such as cardboard, glass, tin and aluminum cans and 5 percent garbage, which is potentially destined for landfills or incinerators. Reducing, reusing, recycling are therefore critical to helping to divert organic materials away from landfills and/or incinerators, consequently helping to protect human health and our precious land, air and water resources. By utilizing Suburban Carting's composting service, your company will benefit by:
- Significantly reducing your hauling costs by reducing waste services frequency
- Food waste no longer has to be maintained on your premises
- Sanitation, safety, and work flow conditions are streamlined
- Trash and recycling containers stay cleaner and dock stations remain dryer
- Reduces odors on site
- Knowing that you are actively contributing to the preservation of the environment, taking pride in being an organization to which environmental stewardship is pursued in a tangible, genuine way and by helping to create an environmentally sound future for the generations to come.
Composting of organic materials from the solid waste stream not only provides a valuable benefit to nutrient deficient soil, but also reduces the amount of waste that ends up in landfills or incinerators. Composting organic matter also increases the amount of beneficial soil organisms such as worms and centipedes, suppresses certain plant diseases, reduces the need for fertilizers and pesticides, prevents soil erosion and nutrient run-off and assists in land reclamation projects. Composting also reduces pollutants, saves energy, conserves resources and reduces the need for new disposal facilities.
To facilitate the processing of organic waste, Suburban Carting is using the newest technology available – the GOHBio 1001 Series Organic Waste Decomposition Machine. The GOHBio 1001 uses a highly refined formula of microorganisms to breakdown organic waste into a liquid which can be safely disposed down the drain, completely eliminating the waste, and ultimately allowing the effluent to return to the ecosystem as water. Within 24 hours the GOHBio 1001 will safely and quickly decompose virtually all organic food waste including: meat, poultry, fish, fruit, vegetables, rice, pasta, bread, noodles, grains, eggshells, and dairy products.
Suburban Carting also works with New Milford Farms in New Milford, CT to turn your organic waste into usable compost products for residential and commercial use.
You can follow the path of the organic matter from collection to composting to final packaging below:
Municipal Composting in Westchester and Putnam Counties
Community composting is beneficial because:
- Leaves take up too much space in landfills-many communities now ban leaves from landfills.
- Many householders do not have the time or space to compost large quantities of organic waste, such as fallen leaves.
- Composting is environmentally safer — leaves in landfills generate dangerous greenhouse gases; burning leaves creates smoke pollution and is unlawful in many communities.
- Some communities will accept leaves and other yard wastes for community compost heaps. Finished compost is usually available free to residents. Find out what's happening in your area. If no program exists, urge your community leaders to put one in place.
For your community . . .
- Composting could remove more than 15 percent from the solid waste stream, if everyone participated.
- Many communities now ban leaves from landfills forcing residents to find other alternatives. Some communities have started composting programs.
- Composting recycles nutrients by returning them to the soil.
For more information, click on the link New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
What can be composted?
Simply put, if something can be eaten or grown in a field or garden (or your pet can eat it), it can be composted. Among the items that can be composted are:
- Coffee Grounds and Filters
- Dairy products
- Floral Trimmings
- House Plants
- Meats and Poultry
- Paper Plates
- Pet Foods
- Potting Soil and Soil Amendments
- Seafood (no entrails)
- Tea Bags
- Unbleached Paper Napkins
What cannot be composted?
- All plastic bags
- All types of metal, including aluminum foil
- Any other types of non-compostable packaging
- Electronics, glass, aluminum cans or containers, plastic bottles
- Magazines or advertising materials printed on coated stock (slick) paper, like newspaper inserts
- Personal health care products, including pharmaceuticals
- Plastic flowers, pots and packaging
- Rocks and stone
- Styrofoam products
Since landfills are the largest human-related source of methane gas in the United States, accounting for a third of all methane emissions, diverting organic materials away from them through recovery and recycling efforts like composting can help considerably to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The organic material from your site goes to an industrial composting facility, where giant compost piles can reach temperatures of up to 150 degrees, facilitating the breakdown of the waste. This process also destroys pathogens, making it safe to compost paper towels, tissues and raw meat. Within four months, this waste can be returned to the earth to feed plants or improve degraded land.